There are a variety of commands within Terminal to access Time Machine. These Terminal commands are useful in starting and stopping time machine backups, and seeing when the latest backups occurred. They are a great way of accessing basic information from Time Machine, or executing a time machine backup. Last week I talked about starting and stopping local snap shots of Time Machine, this post is an extension of those previous commands.
Terminal Commands For Time Machine
There are a variety of different terminal commands. The basic way to start and stop is with the following.
Start and Stop Time Machine
To start a Time Machine backup enter:
This will start a backup once you hit enter.
If you want to stop a backup currently in progress you type:
Enable and Disable Time Machine
If you want to enable or disable Time Machine from Terminal you type the following, this will enable Time Machine on your Mac. Note that you need to enter you admin password for this to work.
sudo tmutil enable
If you wish to disable Time Machine from Terminal you enter the following:
sudo tmutil disable
Determine When The Latest Full Backup Occurred
You can determine when the latest backup occurred. This will give the file path of the last full backup. If you have more than one backup disk, it will give the hard drive where the files are stored. To find this date enter:
It will give an output similar to the following:
/Volumes/Big Bytes/Backups.backupdb/James Powells MacBook Pro/2013-04-24-195642
Where the date is in the format year, month, day, hour, minute and second. Note that this is only the correct wayto format dates.
List Backup Dates
The final command is used to list the previous backups. this gives and output very similar to the previous command, however it will list every backup. If you use more than one disk to backup to it will give the hard drive names.
There are a variety of other commands which you use within Terminal to access Time Machine files, however it is simpler to use the Time Machine app for this. For more information you can use the help file which is accessed through